Part 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification
Substance: Oxygen, Refrigerated Liquid
Trade Names/synonims: Liquid oxygen; LOX; Oxygen; Oxygen, Pressurized liquid UN 1073; STCC 4904360; RTECS RS2060000
Chemical family: inorganic gas
COMPANY: PT ANEKA GAS INDUSTRI
Wisma 77 Lt.6 Jl. S. Parman Kav.77, Jakarta Barat 11410
PHONE: 62-21 53670071
Creation date: 12 December 2005
Part 2: Composition, Information on ingredients
Components: oxygen, refrigerated liquid CAS Number: 7782-44-7 EC Number (EINECS): 231-956-9 EC Index Number: 008-001-00-8 Percentage: 100
Part 3: Hazards Identifications
NFPA RATINGS (Scale 1-4): Health=3, Fire=0, Reactivity=0, Emergency overview; Physical Description: Odorless, light blue liquid. Major health hazards: No significant target effects reported Physical hazards: Containers may rupture or explode if exposed to heat. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible material may cause fire. Potential health effects: inhalation: short term exposure: irritation, nausea, asthma, irregular heart beat, dizziness, tingling sensation, dilated pupils, blindness, lung congestion, blood disorders, convulsions Long term exposure: Chest pain, lung damage Skin contact: short term exposure: blisters, frostbite Long term exposure: no information on significant adverse effects Eye contact: short term exposure: irritation, blurred vision Eye contact: long term exposure: no information on significant adverse effects Ingestion: short term exposure: frost bite Long term exposure: no information is available Carcinogen status: OSHA: No. NTP: No. IARC: No.
Part 4: First Aid Measures
Inhalation: If adverse effects occur, remove to uncontaminated area. Give artificial respiration if not breathing. Get immediate medical attention. Skin contact: if frostbite or freezing occur, immediately flush with plenty of lukewarm water (41-46oC). DO NOT USE HOT WATER. If warm water is not available, gently wrap affected parts in blankets. Get immediate medical attention. Eye contact: Wash eyes immediately with large amounts of water, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids, until no evidence of chemical remains. Get immediate medical attention. Ingestion: If a large amount is swallowed, get medical attention Note to physician: For inhalation, consider oxygen
Part 5: Fire Fighting Measures
Fire and explosion hazards: negligible fire hazard. Oxidizer. May ignite or explode on contact with combustible materials. Containers may rupture or explode if exposed to heat. Extinguishing media: carbon dioxide, regular dry chemical. Large fires: use regular foam or flood with fine water spray. Fire fighting: move container from fire area if it can be done without risk. Cool containers with water spray until well after the fire is out. Stay away from the ends of tanks. For fires in cargo or storage area: Cool containers with water from unmanned hose holder or monitor nozzles until well after fire is out. If this is impossible then take the following precautions: Keep unnecessary people way, isolate hazard area and deny entry. Let the fire burn. For tank, rail car or tank truck, evacuation radius is 800 meters. Flash point: No date available
Part 6: Accidental Release Measures
Occupational release: Avoid contact with combustible materials. Do not touch spilled material. Stop leak if possible without personal risk. Keep unnecessary people away, isolate hazard area and deny entry.
Part 7: Handling and Storage
Storage: store and handle in accordance with all current regulations and standards. Protect from physical damage. Protect from physical damage. Keep separated from incompatible substances. Store in a cool, dry place. Store outside or in a detached building.
Part 8: Exposure Controls, Personal Protection
Exposure Limits: Oxygen refrigerated Liquid: No occupational exposure limits established. Ventilation: Based on available information, additional ventilation is not required. Ensure compliance with applicable exposure limits. Eye Protection: Eye protection not required but recommended. For the liquid: wear splash resistant safety goggles. Contact lenses should not be worn. Provide an emergency eye wash fountain and quick drench shower in the immediate work area. Clothing: Protective clothing is not required. For the liquid: wear appropriate protective, cold insulating clothing. Gloves: Wear insulated gloves Respirator: Under conditions of frequent use or heavy exposure, respiratory protection may be needed. Respiratory protection is ranked in order from minimum to maximum. Consider warning properties before use. For unknown concentrations or immediately dangers to life or health - any supplied-air respirator with full face-piece and operated in a pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode in combination with a separate escape supply. Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full face-piece
Part 9: Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical Description: Odorless, light blue liquid Molecular weight: 31.9988 Molecular formula: O2 Boiling point: -183 C (-297 F) Freezing point: -218 C (-360 F) Vapor pressure: 760 mmHg @ -183 C Vapor density (air=1): 1.1 Specific gravity (water=1): 1.1407 @ -183 C Water solubility: 3.2% @ 25 C PH: Not applicable Volatility: 100% Odor treshold: Not availble Evaporation rate: Not applicable Viscosity: 0.0156 cP @ -173 C Coefficient of water/oil distribution: Not applicable Solvent solubility: Soluble: alcohol
Part 10: Stability and Reactivity
Reactivity: Stable at normal temperatures and pressure: Conditions to avoid: Avoid contact with combustible materials. Containers may rupture or explode if exposed to heat. Incompatibilities: combustible materials, halo carbons, metals, bases, reducing agents, amines, metal salts, oxidizing materials. Oxygen: Acetaldehyde: rapid oxidation progressing to explosion. Acetylene: mixtures of the gases may explode on heating or compression; the liquids form a powerful explosive. Poly (Acrylonitrile-butadiene): Forms impact-sensitive mixture with the liquid.. Sec-alcohols: Forms explosive peroxides. Alkali metals: ignition. Alkaline-earth phosphides: incandescence on heating. Allylic compounds: may form explosive peroxides. Aluminum borohydride: explosive reaction. Ammonia: possible explosion. Beryllium borohydride: explosive reaction. Boron arsenotribromide: ignites on contact with the gas. Boron trichloride: vigorous reaction on sparking. Buten-3-yne: forms explosive peroxides. Carbon: may ignite in the gas; form explosive mixtures with the liquid. Carbon disulfide: possible ignition. Carbon monoxide (liquid): forms explosive mixture with the liquid. Chlorotrifluoroethylene: form explosive peroxides. Combustible materials: the flammability of combustible compounds greatly increases with an increase in oxygen concentration; some materials may become spontaneously combustible or explosive. Contact of combustible compounds with liquid oxygen is likely to result in a dangerous explosion. Cyanogen (liquid): Forms explosive mixture with the liquid. Cyclohexane-1,2-Dione Bis (phenylhydrazone): forms explosive compound. Cyclooctatetraene: may form explosive peroxides. Diborane: explosive mixture on heating. Diboron tetrafluoride: explosive mixture. Dimethylketene: forms explosive peroxide. Dimethyl sulfide: explosive reaction above 210 C. Dioxane: may form explosive peroxides. Ethers: may form explosive peroxides. Flammable materials: the flammability of materials greatly increases as the oxygen concentration increases; some compounds may become spontaneously combustible or explosive. Contact with liquid oxygen is likely to result in dangerous explosions. Fluorine + hydrogen: explosive mixture. Halogenated hydrocarbons: many halogenated hydrocarbons ignite or explode with the gas under pressure; contact with the liquid may result in a dangerous explosion. Hydrazine: forms explosive mixtures. Hydrocarbons: mixtures with the gas may ignite or explode particularly under pressure or when heated; contact with the liquid is likely to result in a dangerous explosion. Hydrogen: explosive mixture, particularly in the presence of a catalyst. Hydrogen sulfide: explosive mixture. Lithiated dialkylnitrosamines: may form explosive compounds. Lithium hydride (powder): very powerful explosive with the liquid. Metal halides: ignition. Metal hydrides: ignition or explosion. Methane (liquid): forms of explosive mixture with the liquid. METHOXYCYCLOOCTATETRAENE: Forms explosive compound. NICKEL CARBONYL: Ignites or explodes at low pressure. NITROGEN (LIQUID): Explosive if subjected to radiation. NON-METAL HYDRIDES: May ignite or explode. OXYGEN DIFLUORIDE: Explosive mixture. PHENYLDICHLOROAMINE: Explosive reaction. PHOSPHINE: Forms explosive mixture. PHOSPHOROUS: Vigorous reaction. PHOSPHORUS TRIBROMIDE: Explosive reaction. PHOSPHOROUS TRIFLUORIDE: Explosive reaction. PHOSPHOROUS TRIOXIDE: Ignition. POLY(CYANOETHYLSILOXANE): Forms impact sensitive mixture with the liquid. POLY(DIMETHYLSILOXANE): Forms impact sensitive mixture with the liquid. POLYSTYRENE: Forms impact-sensitive mixture with the liquid. POLYMERS: Contact with the liquid may result in rapid, hazardous oxidation with possible explosions. POTASSIUM CARBONYL: Violent reaction. POTASSIUM PEROXIDE: Violent reaction. PROPYLENE OXIDE: Explosive mixture. SILANE + CHLORINE: Explosive mixture. SILANES: Ignition or explosion. STYRENE: Forms explosive peroxide. TEFLON (POLYTETRAFLUOROETHYLENE): Ignites at high temperature and reduced pressure. TETRABORON DECAHYDRIDE: Explosive mixture. TETRAFLUOROETHYLENE: Forms explosive peroxides. TETRAFLUOROHYDRAZINE: Explosion in the presence of organic matter. TETRAHYDROFURAN: Forms explosive peroxides. TETRAPHOSPHORUS HEXAOXIDE: Ignition. TRIRHENIUM CHLORIDE: May form explosive chlorine oxides on heating. VINYL COMPOUNDS: May form explosive peroxides. POLYMERIZATION: Will not polymerize
Part 11: Toxicological Information
OXYGEN, REFRIGERATED LIQUID: TOXICITY DATA: 100 pph/14 hour(s) inhalation-human TCLo; 100 pph/24 hour(s)-3 day(s) continuous inhalation-rat TCLo; 95 pph/24 hour(s)-2 day(s) continuous inhalation-rat TCLo MUTAGENIC DATA: cytogenetic analysis - human lymphocyte 40 pph 4 day(s); cytogenetic analysis - hamster ovary 20 pph 3 day(s)-continuous; cytogenetic analysis - hamster lung 80 pph; sister chromatid exchange - hamster ovary 20 pph; mutation in mammalian somatic cells - hamster lung 95 pph 24 hour(s); cytogenetic analysis - chicken embryo 80 pph REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS DATA: 12 pph inhalation-woman TCLo/10 minute(s) 26-39 week(s) pregnant female continuous; 10 pph inhalation-rat TCLo/12 hour(s) 22 day(s) pregnant female continuous; 10 pph inhalation-rat TCLo/9 hour(s) 22 day(s) pregnant female continuous; 10 pph inhalation-mouse TCLo/24 hour(s) 8 day(s) pregnant female continuous ADDITIONAL DATA: Toxic action is greatly enhanced by exercise or by presence of moderate amounts of carbon dioxide. HEALTH EFFECTS: INHALATION: ACUTE EXPOSURE: OXYGEN: Pure oxygen, especially if not properly humidified, may cause mucous membrane irritation and pulmonary edema after 24 hours. Air normally contains 20-21% oxygen. As exposure to higher concentrations and/or greater than atmospheric pressure continues symptoms of toxicity may develop and increase in severity. Respiratory system effects may include a progressive decrease in vital capacity, tightness in the chest and discomfort, coughing, congestion, tracheobronchitis, pneumonia, edema, atelectasis and increased depth of respiration, rapid panting or asthma-like attacks, apnea in inspiratory position, fibroblastic proliferation, and hyperplasia of alveolar cells. Cardiovascular system effects may include bradycardia, hyperthermia or hypothermia and peripheral vasoconstriction. The nervous system may be affected with mood changes, nausea, dizziness, slowing of mental processes, malaise, hilarity, apprehension, paresthesias including tingling of fingers and toes, fasciculation of the lips and face, muscular twitching, visual and auditory hallucinations, general convulsions and epileptic seizures, loss of consciousness and collapse. At increased atmospheric pressures, vision may be affected. Symptoms may include photophobia, amblyopia, mydriasis, bilateral progressive constriction of visual field, impaired central vision, constriction of retinal vasculature, and possible loss of vision. However, no change in the visual fields or visual acuity was found after breathing pure oxygen for four and one-half hours at normal atmospheric pressures. Animal studies indicate exposure to oxygen under high pressure has caused hemolytic anemia. In pregnant women exposed to 100% oxygen for minutes, the response was a fetal cardiac rate which decreased and became variable. CHRONIC EXPOSURE: OXYGEN: Inhalation of pure oxygen for periods up to 16 hours per day for many days at atmospheric pressure has caused no observed injury to man. Administration at atmospheric pressures at concentrations of 60% and 80% may be followed by adverse effects, including severe cough, acute chest pain associated with a decrease in vital capacity, intra-alveolar edema and atelectasis. It is possible that prolonged low-level injury may produce severe fibrotic changes in the lungs. However, after a human was exposed to high concentrations of oxygen for 150 days, severe irreversible retinal atrophy occurred. Dogs exposed to pure oxygen for 48 hours were found to develop retinal and choroidal detachments. Reproductive effects have been reported in animal studies. SKIN CONTACT: ACUTE EXPOSURE: OXYGEN: No adverse effects have been reported from the gas. Due to rapid evaporation, the cryogenic liquid may cause frostbite with redness, tingling and pain or numbness. In more severe cases, the skin may become hard and white and develop blisters. CHRONIC EXPOSURE: OXYGEN: No adverse effects have been reported. EYE CONTACT: ACUTE EXPOSURE: OXYGEN: May cause irritation if not properly humidified. Due to rapid evaporation, the cryogenic liquid may cause frostbite with redness, pain and blurred vision. CHRONIC EXPOSURE: OXYGEN: No adverse effects have been reported. INGESTION: ACUTE EXPOSURE: OXYGEN: Ingestion of a gas is unlikely. If the cryogenic liquid is swallowed, frostbite damage of the lips, mouth and mucous membranes may occur. CHRONIC EXPOSURE: OXYGEN: No data available.
Part 12: Ecological Information
Part 13: Disposal Consideration
Dispose in accordance with all applicable regulations.
Part 14: Transport Information
U.S. DOT 49 CFR 172.101: PROPER SHIPPING NAME: Oxygen, refrigerated liquid (cryogenic liquid) ID NUMBER: UN1073 HAZARD CLASS OR DIVISION: 2.2 LABELING REQUIREMENTS: Nonflammable gas; Oxidizer PACKAGING AUTHORIZATIONS: EXCEPTIONS: 49 CFR 173.320 NON-BULK PACKAGING: 49 CFR 173.316 BULK PACKAGING: 49 CFR 173.318 QUANTITY LIMITATIONS: PASSENGER AIRCRAFT OR RAILCAR: Forbidden CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY: Forbidden LAND TRANSPORT ADR/RID: SUBSTANCE NAME: Oxygen, deeply-refrigerated/Oxygen, refrigerated liquid UN NUMBER: UN1073 ADR/RID CLASS: 2 ITEM NUMBER: 7(a)/3O WARNING SIGN/LABEL: 2; 05/2; 05; 13 HAZARD ID NUMBER: 225 AIR TRANSPORT IATA/ICAO: PROPER SHIPPING NAME: Oxygen, refrigerated liquid UN/ID NUMBER: UN1073 IATA/ICAO CLASS: 2.2 SUBSIDIARY RISK: 5.1 MARITIME TRANSPORT IMDG: CORRECT TECHNICAL NAME: Oxygen, refrigerated liquid UN/ID NUMBER: UN1073 IMDG CLASS: 2(2.2) SUBSIDIARY RISK LABEL: Oxidizing agent EmS No.: 2-11 MFAG Table No.: 620 IMDG CODE PAGE: 2169
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